Jean_II_Restout_-_Pentecôte 1732

Latin (Western) Church Depiction of Pentecost.

Teaching Sunday School

Now over twenty years ago, one of my tasks as a deacon where I was serving was to lead the high school Sunday school class. Among my students was brilliant, and a genius who had earned a Merit Scholarship—he scored the maximum on the ACT. Nevertheless, his brilliance did not necessarily mean he was perceptive.

One Sunday he complained he had gone to the senior prom alone—I was not surprised—and he felt even lonelier after he asked the “ugliest girl” at the prom to dance with him; she refused. I said, “She did not know she was the ugliest girl at the prom, but she probably thought you were the ugliest boy.”

Later, in another session, we were talking about the Pentecost event recorded in the Acts of the Apostles.[1] He wondered why the church did not look like the primitive church of the New Testament. We talked about that idea. One of the teens in the room said she saw a sign for a church that read “New Testament Primitive Church”. I suggested that they were telling everyone they believed in the church as it was in the Acts of the Apostles.

Primitive Church

My young genius asked, “Why aren’t we a primitive church?” My response was, “Why do we live in comfortable homes and drive cars and fly in airplanes instead of living in caves, and carrying loads on our backs, and wondering how birds fly?” I went on and suggested, “If we remained in a primitive state or condition, there would never be any progress.”

He argued the church was different. Before I could ask him why he thought the Church was different, one of the others responded by saying, “We were all babies once, but we have grown up and we do things differently as we grow up and grow older.”

I agreed and said that was a very wise observation. I added, “The Church has changed over the centuries from a fledgling sect of Jews who followed the teachings of Jesus in what they called The Way, to a powerful adjunct of the state under the emperor Constantine, to finally a spiritual home for millions of believers—not because they were born into the church but because of their own commitments. This progress is called evolution.

The Pentecost Event


Orthodox (Eastern) Church Depiction of Pentecost.

I asked the students to think about the Pentecost event. What actually happened, who did the disciples preach to, and what does it mean for us today?

As I did so long ago with my young students, let us review those questions today and think about what Pentecost means to us as individuals and the Church.

Pentecost is a Greek name for the Jewish Feast of Shavuot[2]—it is the feast of the first harvest. People from all over the Middle East gathered in Jerusalem to give thanks and celebrate the abundance of the harvest. The disciples had a ready audience. People were in a good mood, they had been eating at their festive tables, and were gathered on the Temple Mount.

Because of one person’s insight, probably, the disciples finally grasped the meaning of the words, the life, the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus. With that understanding they knew that their mission was to proclaim the good news that God is love.

What’s a Church?


Is This What the Disciples were Told to Build?

If you had told them they were starting a church, they might have responded, “A Church? What’s a Church? We’re proclaiming the Good News. The good news of our Teacher who taught us that following the letter of the law is not God’s call on us, but instead humanity is called to live the Spirit of the law; this is The Way, the only way, to experience God’s kingdom.

The disciples on Pentecost were not proclaiming a new religion. They were proclaiming the Spirit of love as it is expressed in the Teachings given to Moses on the holy mount. That Spirit is expressed in the words, ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and mind and soul, and love your neighbor as yourself.’”

The power of God’s Spirit to move people, and all that is in nature and the universe, is not a new concept resulting from the disciple’s Pentecost experience. We can look back to the beginning of time. The Spirit of God gave life to the universe; breathed life into the soil and trees from which humanity sprang. The Spirit of God lifted humans out of the mud and down from the trees and gave it a brain and strength to gain intellect and to love.

The Holy Spirit of God was already with, in them, and around the disciples. In the Gospel According to John (20:19-23) Jesus had breathed the life-giving Spirit into his them before the Ascension, but they remained afraid and uncertain about their commission.

Likely, one of the disciples lost his patience. No one was doing anything but wringing hands. I think he finally understood the pervasiveness of God’s Holy Spirit and made a move to get things going.

The disciples discovered what was already there, not some new mysterious and unknown element. The Spirit of God, represented in the Scriptures as wind and fire, is ever-present; it is the glory of Divine Love—a love that lies as a potential power for change every human soul.

In some vain hope of making the complex more understandable, Pentecost has been reduced to the “birthday of the Church.” It is a good sentiment, but it was something more powerful. It was the day the disciples were jolted from their lethargy and pushed out of their closed-up room to continue the mission Christ had laid out before them.

Jumping-Off Day


Nerve is Needed to “Jump-Off” into the Open Sky.

It could be thought of as the “birthday of the church,” but it was the disciples’ “D-Day”—using an allegory of modern times. It was the jumping-off day when the disciples finally understood they had a mission to fulfill, a job to do, and fearfully huddled in a closed-off room was not going to get it done.

A Living Organism

Thus, to answer my young genius’ question, “Why can’t we be the primitive church?” I suggest it seems that the Church, like all living organisms is subject to evolutionary processes. People over the centuries have thought about Jesus’ teachings, about his life, his death, the resurrection, and God’s intervention into the history of humanity. This thinking, theologizing, has provided more profound connections to the created order.

The Universe


Interstellar Space

A View of the Universe as Seen through the Hubble Telescope.

What about the universe, the vast interstellar space that is beyond our limited space on this planet?

Sistene Chapel

God and Man Share in Creation.

With the new visions of the universe, should we stay in a primitive state or own the world science has given us? Are we to remain exploiters of the planet instead of co-creators? Regardless of he lure of paradise, God did not create humanity so it would remain in the Garden of Eden. God placed the tree of knowledge before the primitive human so it would expand its contacts with God and share in the beauty of creation–the beauty of holiness.

As the theologian Marcus Borg has written in his recently published book Convictions, “To affirm that heaven and earth (all that is) are full of God’s glory means that everything is filled with the radiant luminosity of God. God, the sacred, pervades all that is, even though we do not often see it.”[3]

Discovering Fire

Tongues of FirePreviously, I quoted the Jesuit priest, theologian, and scientist Tielhard de Chardin concerning the power of love. He wrote,[4] “The day will come when, after harnessing space, the winds, the tides and gravitation, we shall harness for God the energies of love” (italics added). The energies of love overpowered the disciples on that Pentecost day and as Chardin wrote, “…on that day, for the second time in the history of the world, we…have discovered fire.”

Discovering fire is, in my estimation, the story of Pentecost.



[1] The Acts of the Apostles 2:1-21.

[2] This feast is celebrated or observed fifty days after the Passover. In the Christian tradition, Pentecost is observed fifty days after Easter and is celebrated as the day the Holy Spirit of God came to the Apostles, including the Virgin Mary.

[3] Marcus Borg, Convictions: How I Learned What Matters Most, Harper-Collins, 2014.

[4] Quoted from citing a meditation from St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in Edwardsville, Illinois. For the 6th Sunday of Easter, 2014.

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